FAQ's




Insects in store rooms and on food - what should I do?
Are flies only a nuisance or are they also harmful? And how can you protect yourself from them?
Can cockroaches be permanently eliminated by one single use of insecticides?
What can I do about ants on window sills?
What is the best way to stop clothes moths?
Can insects make you ill or transmit diseases?
What damage to materials can insects cause?
There are insecticides that contain so-called pyrethroids. How do these substances function?
Are there persons who have to take special care when using insecticides?
What can I do if my child accidentally swallows an insecticide?
How do insects reproduce?
Does treating mosquitoes with household insecticides in bedrooms and living rooms involve a health hazard?
Can insect spray residues on furniture or window frames harm you?
When is it necessary to use insecticides?
Is it harmful to your health to use moth paper or moth bag?



Insects in store rooms and on food - what should I do?
Everyone must have experienced the situation - you open the food cupboard and little brown beetles and maybe larvae too crawl out of the bag of flour or semolina.
Basically it is not recommend to use flying or crawling insect sprays in storage rooms or where food is stored. The agents contained in the sprays might pass into the food.
The tip is either to sift the infested flour with a fine sieve, or preferably pack it in a plastic bag and put it in the waste bin. Get rid of the pests left or their eggs by clearing out the cupboard completely and washing it with soapy water.
In kitchens or storage rooms for example Fly Trap with its wholly natural luring substance will eliminate flying insects completely. To stop crawling pests (ants, cockroaches, silver fish,beetles etc.) Bait Stations should be deployed.
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Are flies only a nuisance or are they also harmful? And how can you protect yourself from them?
In our latitudes flies are without doubt the commonest nuisances of all the domestic insects. The best known is the common housefly. It lays its eggs wherever there is leftover food or other organic substances. A fly is capable of doing this up to 2,000 times. They are not just troublesome, they can also transmit deadly infectious diseases such as typhoid fever, salmonellosis, hepatitis, cholera, and even poliomyelitis, foot and mouth disease or dysentery. Recent research points to the possibility of flies spreading the Helicobacter pylori bacterium, which can cause inflammation of the stomach mucosa, stomach ulcers and even stomach cancer.
There are numerous ways of eliminating flies from domestic areas - the tried and tested Fly Swat, Fly Gauze or Fly Trap. For example the Flying Insect Spray is an additional alternative that acts immediately after spraying. Insect Strip gives off an insect-repellent agent for up to four months.
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Can cockroaches be permanently eliminated by one single use of insecticides?
Household cockroaches are very unpopular guests for humans. Their favourite habitats are wherever it is moist and warm, for instance kitchens. At night they become active and start searching for food. In this way they transmit germs, putrefying bacteria and fungus spores. After house dust mites cockroaches are the commonest cause of allergies to arthropods. Studies in America have found that up to thirty per cent of the US population is allergic to cockroaches.
Cockroaches that occur sporadically can be combated with bait traps (Bait Station). In large quantities the commercially available sprays are effective (e.g. Baygon Crawling Insect Spray). This acts quickly and reliably against the adult insects. Since already laid cockroach eggs cannot be eliminated, the treatment should be repeated after a few days. If the cockroaches only occur to a local and limited extent, it may be enough to apply a coating of the spray to these areas. When the second cockroach generation hatches and comes into contact with the coating, they are specifically eliminated. If the infestation with cockroaches is serious, it would be recommended to call in a pest control expert.
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What can I do about ants on window sills?
Ants in woods are beneficial and drive away pests. But in and around housing these energetic insects can quickly turn into a plague. There are proven methods and products to get rid of ants and the "ant paths". A standard method is to find the nests and the points at which the ants enter a house, such as cracks or holes in brickwork and block them up with putty or something similar, or to pour boiling water on the nest. Sometimes it helps just to remove the target of the ant path. Besides this effective help can be provided by the Crawling Insect Spray, Bait Stations placed on the ant path or next to the nest, and the Ant Powder which can be scattered or sprinkled (for balconies and terraces).
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What is the best way to stop clothes moths?
This is a question that almost everyone asks, at the latest when your wardrobe is already infested by these tiresome insects.
As well as chemical anti-moth agents there are also housewife's remedies, for example sachets of lavender blossom or pieces of cedarwood placed between linen.
In the Baygon labs tests were made to find how effective these popular remedies are in comparison to the synthetic agents in moth paper and moth bags. To measure the repellent effect the clothes moths were offered different chambers. One contained woollen material plus a repellent (e.g. lavender blossom), another only the wool.
The tests proved that the moths were not kept away by the cedarwood. The smell of lavender was avoided by 45 per cent of the test insects, but 55 per cent were unconcerned and laid their eggs. Moth paper and moth bags containing a synthetic agent had the strongest repellent effect, and 68 per cent of the moths were kept away. On top of this the agents had a completely fatal effect, so that the remaining 32 per cent of the unrepelled moths were killed by the agent. Of the few eggs which were nevertheless laid the larvae, the real fabric pests, did hatch, but they died immediately afterwards.
The proven Baygon Moth Paper has contained the new agent Transfluthrin (known also as Bayothrin® - trademark of Bayer AG) since the beginning of 1996. The Moth Bag is a completely new product, which also contains Transfluthrin. It is dependable and odourless, and provides protection for one season from moths, cabinet and carpet beetles and their larvae.
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Can insects make you ill or transmit diseases?
Insects and other arthropods have severe effects on human hygiene. For example fungus spores, mould bacteria and pathogens (of typhus, salmonella infection, tuberculosis, worm diseases) can be transmitted by many of the insect species present in central Europe. It has been proved that some insects also cause allergies in humans. These can be started directly by stings and bites (for instance by fleas or ticks), but also indirectly by the transfer of germs (for instance by flies and cockroaches). Insects are therefore not just a nuisance, they should also not be underrated as a danger to human health and quality of life. In the spread of epidemics they also play a key role for humans and animals.
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What damage to materials can insects cause?
Insects' eating habits are astounding. They do attack our food stocks, but they are also capable of making use of virtually any organic substance. Moth larvae and cabinet beetles will consume fabrics, furs and carpets. On the other hand silver fish and cockroaches will eat practically anything. Even wallpaper, glue and leather are not safe from their ravages. The owners of antiques fear the death-watch beetle, whose larvae can rapidly ruin valuable furniture with their voracious appetite. The feeding habits of the wood borers are especially dangerous, as their larvae can for instance eat away wooden roof joists.
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There are insecticides that contain so-called pyrethroids. How do these substances function?
Some insecticides contain pyrethroids as their active ingredient. These are related to the natural substance pyrethrum, which is extracted from the chrysanthemum. They have the great advantage that they act specifically on insects and do not affect (under proper conditions of use) the health of humans, pets and livestock. The pyrethroids have a selective effect on insects' nervous systems and so can eliminate them. A harmful effect on human health is fundamentally impossible - under proper conditions of use.
The same applies to the absorption of the pyrethroids through the skin. If pyrethroids do however get into the body, they are metabolised quickly and completely excreted.
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Are there persons who have to take special care when using insecticides?
All the Baygon line products are fundamentally safe to use. Exhaustive research and product observation lasting many years are accepted as clear obligations of the manufacturer.
Persons with especially sensitive skins or allergies, and also small children or persons in poor health should nevertheless avoid direct contact with insecticides. If their immune system is generally weakened, their general well-being may be affected by the use of flying and crawling insect sprays or electric vaporisers. The results may be skin irritation, itching or coughing. To keep flying insects out of bedrooms, people subject to serious allergies should make use of mosquito nets over their beds as an alternative defence. However the use of bait stations is perfectly harmless in these cases, since the effect is achieved solely by the bait laid for the insects. Another alternative for susceptible persons is to hang up fly traps, which incorporate a natural lure substance.
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What can I do if my child accidentally swallows an insecticide?
You should definitely go to the doctor and take the pack with you, so that the doctor knows exactly what substances are involved. Any toxic symptoms will in general completely disappear within hours or days. The agents are only absorbed to a slight degree by the gastro-intestinal tract, and they are finally excreted by natural metabolism.
Note: Insecticides and other domestic chemicalssuch as floor cleaners or multi-surface cleaners should always be stored so they are inaccessible to children.
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How do insects reproduce?
Insects have widely varying means of reproduction, which depends mainly on temperature and humidity. The German cockroach has a reproduction cycle from egg to adult lasting six weeks to several months. Many fly species can breed a new generation in as little as two weeks, and under favourable conditions one female can produce several hundred offspring in a domestic environment.
Due to most hygiene pests' hidden way of life and small size, their presence in the home is usually not noticed until their numbers have substantially increased.
The insects that cause harm in central European households include species of mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches, ants, moths, beetles, lice, bugs and silver fish.
In addition there are the mites (for instance dust and storage mites) and ticks (for instance dog ticks), which belong to the arachnid species (spider's family).
In nature, unlike the domestic environment, most insect species are beneficial. Some of these even spend the winter in buildings without causing any trouble (ladybirds, outdoor flies).
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Does treating mosquitoes with household insecticides in bedrooms and living rooms involve a health hazard?
The buzz of mosquitoes in bedrooms has caused many a sleepless night. If this is a serious nuisance it is advisable to use the Baygon Electric Mat Vaporiser or Electric Liquid Vaporiser products. Once the heater is switched on, a small amount of agent is evenly released to protect you from the mosquitoes. For humans the products are safe when correctly used. However in unventilated rooms they should not be used. The same applies to rooms in which there are small children or very sensitive persons. If the mosquito infestation is very heavy, the remedy is to put fly screens in front of the windows or mosquito nets over the beds.
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Can insect spray residues on furniture or window frames harm you?
If Baygon Flying Insect Spray or Crawling Insect Spray is used copiously or close enough to form a coating on furniture for instance, this is removed by normal cleaning. On window frames or other insect routes a spray coating may on the other hand be desirable, and will have a long-lasting effect. Basically residue coatings are harmless for humans. Nevertheless they should not be left on items such as toys, with which small children or sensitive persons might come into frequent contact.
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When is it necessary to use insecticides?
Hospitals, schools, kindergartens and homes for old people are regularly examined by health authorities to ensure that the standards of hygiene are maintained. This is is to prevent serious outbreaks of disease. No hygiene pests should be present. Companies that manufacture, store, process and export foods are also obliged to arrange regular inspections and carry out pest control. Many importing companies require certificates as proof.
Factories with the ISO 9000 European standard certificate are obliged to maintain the specified quality and hygiene standards.
The situation is different in private households. In many countries it is usually a question of personal inclination as to when and how hygiene and material pests are treated. There is no legislation laying down procedures or "threshold figures" based on the number of insects found. Single cockroaches in cellars or single mosquitoes in living rooms do not represent a health hazard. As a rule it is sufficient to use passive methods such as bait stations and glue traps, for instance the classical fly traps.
Experts however recommend the correct use of insecticides, e.g. Crawling Insect Spray or Cockroach Bait Station, in private households where a minimum of five cockroaches have been found. In these cases it must be assumed that there are many more insects concealed elsewhere. A misplaced reluctance, particularly in the control of cockroaches, can very quickly lead to really unhealthy situations.
If there are swarms of cockroaches or silver fish in a house, it is essential to ask for help from a professional and properly authorised pest control expert.
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Is it harmful to your health to use moth paper or moth bag?
Holes in woollen pullovers are often caused by clothes moths, or rather their larvae, which feed on woollen fabrics and furs. The damage caused may be substantial, because one female moth can lay up to 800 eggs a year in heated rooms. Moths are therefore very unwelcome guests in the home. Moth paper or moth bags hung in wardrobes will effectively keep away these hungry insects for several months. It mainly acts on the larvae which cause the damage. Moth paper and moth bags have been developed for use in the home. When properly used it is completely harmless, since it releases the active ingredient it contains at a low rate over a lengthy period. The moth paper should be hung where it is inaccessible to children.
As an alternative some people use lavender blossom or pieces of cedar wood placed between the clothes. These remedies have however a big drawback - they do not kill the moth larvae which actually cause the damage.
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